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What are the best diagnostic tests and thresholds for defining type 2 diabetes in Asian Americans?

Traditionally, occurrence of microvascular disease (retinopathy) has been used to define the glucose threshold by which diabetes should be defined. But these studies have come from mostly white/European/middle eastern populations. Do all ethnic groups have similar thresholds for diagnosis? Are certain diagnostic tests better for making the diagnosis of diabetes than others in select race/ethnic groups? The pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes may differ and we need to define subtypes of T2DM.

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Idea No. 821