Adverse childhood experiences (ACE; abuse, neglect) are not uncommon and are associated with increased risk of developing a range of chronic diseases in adulthood (e.g., cardiovascular, cancer, etc.). This has mainly been studied in white middle-class populations. Less is known whether ACEs similarly impact racial/ethnic minorities. Cross-sectional design with retrospective ACE report and longitudinal design for long-term follow-up of chronic disease development and/or progression.
Idea No. 334