As many as 16% of women in the U.S. suffer from vulvodynia at some point in their lives. It affects women of all ages, races, and ethnic backgrounds. Yet, the exact cause of vulvodynia is unknown due to a lack of research. As a result, treatments used to treat this condition are the same ones used for other chronic pain conditions and there is little or no proof of their efficacy. Research on the cause of this condition is essential for developing treatments specifically for vulvodynia patients.