Showing 18 ideas for tag "health-disparities"
(@drirene) kudos icon +

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

Could the Precision Medicine Initiative Reduce Social Inequality?

The proposed study would identify microbial communities and metabolic profiles associated with stigmatized conditions such as idiopathic malodor or mental health.
Working with systemic malodor/PATM community provides unprecedented opportunities to explore biomarkers of depression, social stress, diabetes, inflammatory diseases, dental, cardiovascular, and digestive health, exposure to antibiotics, lifestyle & dietary... more »

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219 votes
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(@rebeheart) kudos icon +

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

What are the longterm health effects of adverse childhood experiences in racial/ethnic minority populations?

Adverse childhood experiences (ACE; abuse, neglect) are not uncommon and are associated with increased risk of developing a range of chronic diseases in adulthood (e.g., cardiovascular, cancer, etc.). This has mainly been studied in white middle-class populations. Less is known whether ACEs similarly impact racial/ethnic minorities. Cross-sectional design with retrospective ACE report and longitudinal design for long-term... more »

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47 votes
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What active and healthy lifestyle interventions will most effectively reduce health disparities and increase health equity?

Intentionally aim to ensure that All of Us insights extend to everyone, particularly regarding lifestyles and improved health for population segments of need and opportunity. Methods could include data collection through wearable technology, validated self-reports, comparative effectiveness data, medical reimbursement, predictive analytics, and the unique insights from All of Us. ACSM applauds this pathway to health innovation.... more »

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136 votes
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(@nichd.allofus) kudos icon +

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What is the genetic architecture of neurodevelopmental problems and how does it relate to health disparities?

From a diverse sample of children in both clinical and non-clinical settings, investigate genetic contributions to a wide range of neurodevelopmental problems (NPs). Individual-variant and polygenic approaches can advance our understanding of the genetic overlap between, and specificity in, different types of NPs. In a large and diverse sample that includes different racial/ethnic and socioeconomic groups, these techniques... more »

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33 votes
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(@chouws) kudos icon +

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How does participants’ health literacy (HL) level compare to national estimates and what is the role of HL in health outcomes?

Populations of limited health literacy have traditionally been underrepresented in genomic/genetic studies. We propose that All of Us participants complete brief baseline HL survey items as part of the Participant-Provided Information (PPI; The Basics). HL measures can be analyzed in comparison with national estimates and in conjunction with other All of Us measures (e.g., uptake on genetic testing, behavioral outcomes,... more »

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12 votes
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(@blacktherapistsrock) kudos icon +

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

Can improvement in emotional health using psychotherapy increase physical health while reducing risk factors of obesity.

Black Therapists Rock engages over 19,000 psychotherapists who work with vulnerable populations. We have noticed a correlation of improved health outcomes in clients who have utilized Internal Family Systems (IFS), a psychotherapy model that focuses on healing the emotional wounds developed in childhood. We wish to expand upon this data, by employing more therapists to use this model, while advocating/recruiting participants... more »

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8 votes
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(@elrconsultantllc) kudos icon +

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

An investigation of the resiliency of urban community residents and inclusion in longitudinal research

The purpose of this study is to understand reasons for minimal participation of urban community residents in longitudinal research. The study will also explore expectations of urban community residents as a result of participating in longitudinal research. The study will use qualitative focus group approach of urban community residents in the Midwest.

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3 votes
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(@justin.colacino) kudos icon +

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

Do disparities in environmental exposures contribute to racial disparities in triple negative breast cancer?

Women of African, compared to European, ancestry in the US are 2-3x more likely to be diagnosed with triple negative breast cancer. The causes are unknown, but striking disparities in exposure to a number of potential carcinogens have been identified. Quantifying environmental exposures and linking to electronic health records for breast cancer associated diagnoses would define the extent of disparities, chemical associations... more »

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4 votes
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(@ilaria.galasso) kudos icon +

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

What kinds of social interventions would most effectively reduce health disparities?

By crossing several kinds of data, also related to the social, demographic, educational and economic conditions, AoU is a unique opportunity to understand with unprecedented precision the role of the social determinants of health. In particular it could disentangle the links among poor health-poor education-poor economic conditions-poor neighborhood-unhealthy lifestyle, and indicate which kind of policies and social reforms... more »

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4 votes
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(@ibbsnimhd) kudos icon +

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

How do social disadvantage and chronic stress affect health and well-being in health disparity populations?

Chronic stress linked to social disadvantage—economic deprivation, exposure to racism and discrimination, etc.—contributes to health disparities. Social stressors vary across the life course, affecting disease risk, progression and outcomes in disadvantaged groups. All of Us cohort data will shed light on mechanisms by which social disadvantage and chronic stress affect physiology, health behavior and overall health,... more »

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4 votes
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(@aawc2018) kudos icon +

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

Analysis of the impact of payer on the outcome of patients with leg ulcers (including amputations) and race related differences

US Wound Registry data confirm outcome of African Americans with lower extremity wounds is worse than in whites, particularly true for DFU outcomes where amputation rates are higher. USWR data confirm use of advanced therapeutics in wound care is determined by payer. Whether a Medicare beneficiary has a secondary insurance determines if they get a cellular product, & use of all advanced therapeutics has changed with rise... more »

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3 votes
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(@ilaria.galasso) kudos icon +

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

Which social categories do participate in AoU and how can medical research be more inclusive?

By analyzing the social, demographic and economic conditions of the cohort participants, AoU can detect with unprecedented precision which social categories, and on what basis, participate in medical research, and which ones tend to be excluded. In particular, by asking directly to the participants their motivations for participating, and putting these in relation with different sociodemographic parameters, AoU could... more »

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2 votes
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(@lisa.signorello) kudos icon +

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

To develop or optimize a non-invasive TECHNOLOGY that can be used to measure the experience of stress in children and adults.

The impact of psychosocial stress on child and adult health risk is increasingly appreciated. The measurement of this exposure is currently poor, and All of Us has the opportunity to develop or refine wearable technologies that could help push this field of research forward in a valid way for the future. Such technology could be a part of individual studies of stress and disease, and could also be used as a gold standard... more »

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3 votes
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(@lisa.signorello) kudos icon +

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

Does psychosocial stress influence time to cancer recurrence or cancer survival for various tumor types?

In animal models, stress is a trigger for tumor growth and metastasis, yet we have not adequately addressed this question in human cancer patients or survivors.

All of Us could longitudinally assess the biological experience of psychosocial stress (via biomarker or wearable technology) at specified times in the cancer survivorship period, and conduct an analysis of time to recurrence or time to death.

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2 votes
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