Showing 4 ideas for tag "smoking"
(@alan.sanders.md)

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

Which genetic and environmental factors contribute to sexual orientation, and related health conditions?

Gays, lesbians, and bisexuals are underrepresented in biomedical research. While much relevant data is already planned for collection by AllofUs, additional or elaborated measures (see "data items") would help in seeking new leads and advancing work on pre-existing questions in the field. These items include sociodemographic (e.g., trait information), clinical (various associated conditions), and biological (genomic,... more »

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30 votes
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(@ataylor)

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

What midlife lifestyle factors make someone more or less likely to develop dementia with Lewy bodies?

Exercise, socialization, cognitive training, education, dietary habits and environmental exposures interacting with genetic profiles are suggested to raise the risk of Alzheimer’s dementia. Less is known about environmental, genetic and epigenetic contributors to raising the risk of dementia with Lewy bodies. Large scale data sets would allow first-of-its-kind enhanced profiling in multi-path analyses key midlife factors... more »

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8 votes
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(@landsr)

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

What factors support successful cigarette smoking cessation among individuals who have been diagnosed with cancer?

Cancer patients who smoke cigarettes have increased treatment toxicity and poorer prognosis compared to former or never smokers. Only 50-70% of patients who smoke at the time of diagnosis initially quit and many later relapse to smoking. Research is needed to better understand how tobacco users who are diagnosed with cancer perceive the risks of tobacco use and the benefits of cessation, and to explore factors that support... more »

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3 votes
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(@hcarskaddan)

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

What are the most effective ways to reduce smoking and alcohol use in pregnant women?

Survey pregnant women and their health professionals to determine levels of awareness about smoking, e-cigarettes, nicotine replacement products, and alcohol consumption. Determine when/if information is provided to pregnant women, evaluate the accuracy of the information, and assess its effectiveness. Cotinine measurements could be used as a surrogate for nicotine consumption. Alcohol use could be assessed by surveys... more »

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1 vote
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