(@mbl2018)

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

How do our mindsets about diet, exercise, and stress influence health behaviors and health outcomes?

Research has shown that benefits of health behaviors such as diet, exercise, and stress depend not just on the behaviors themselves but on the mindsets people have about those behaviors (Crum, Achor & Salovey, 2013; Zahrt & Crum 2017; Turnwald, Boles & Crum 2017); however, large-scale databases have not yet included measures of mindset. The goal of this study is to use validated measures of exercise, stress and diet mindsets... more »

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(@mbl2018)

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

How do our mindsets about diet, exercise, and stress influence health behaviors and health outcomes?

Research has shown that benefits of health behaviors such as diet, exercise, and stress depend not just on the behaviors themselves but on the mindsets people have about those behaviors (Crum, Achor & Salovey, 2013; Zahrt & Crum 2017; Turnwald, Boles & Crum 2017); however, large-scale databases have not yet included measures of mindset. The goal of this study is to use validated measures of exercise, stress and diet mindsets... more »

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0 votes
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AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

AoU’s sample/measures uniquely allow for modeling high-burden disease pathways specified by the biopsychosocial ecological model

Biological, psychological & social domains interact at multiple levels (genes, human & environment microbiomes, stress, behavior, broad SES & environment) outlined by the biopsychosocial ecological model (BPSEM). The BPSEM specifies pathways aligned with the AoU pillars of biology, lifestyle, & environment. Simultaneous examination of the interacting domains and levels of the BPSEM is now computationally possible and... more »

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1 vote
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(@svogelstein)

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

What etiology factors contribute to the onset of seizures in late adulthood?

The incidence of seizures increases after the age of 50 years. With the increased life expectancy, seizures in older adults represents an emerging and important public health concern. Although cerebrovascular disease contributes to some cases, the etiology of these seizures in most patients is large known. Metabolic factors are likely to contribute to risk in some patients as diet changes can reduce the frequency of seizures... more »

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3 votes
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(@svogelstein)

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

What etiology factors contribute to the onset of seizures in late adulthood?

The incidence of seizures increases after the age of 50 years. With the increased life expectancy, seizures in older adults represents an emerging and important public health concern. Although cerebrovascular disease contributes to some cases, the etiology of these seizures in most patients is large known. Metabolic factors are likely to contribute to risk in some patients as diet changes can reduce the frequency of seizures... more »

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3 votes
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(@svogelstein)

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

What is the long-term impact of consumption of organic foods on health outcomes?

Organic foods are thought to be healthier than conventional foods because of the limited exposure to pesticides and other chemicals. Few studies have examined the long-term health effects of organic foods. By collecting information on organic food consumption and comparing those who tend to consume more organic foods (e.g., organic fruits/veg) to those who consume less, we could evaluate the impact of organic food consumption... more »

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11 votes
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(@floresr2)

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

Dietary and microbial-derived metabolites may modulate body weight and contribute to overweight and obesity.

Integrate multi-omic approaches (metabolomic, proteomic, inflammasome, microbiome analyses) with dietary assessment and clinical data in a nested cohort study. Dietary and/or microbial metabolites may modulate body weight and may influence other comorbidities. A comprehensive analysis of inflammatory and metabolic biomarkers of oxidative stress, nutritional assessment, short chain fatty acids and other microbial metabolites... more »

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14 votes
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(@floresr2)

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

Dietary and microbial-derived metabolites may modulate body weight and contribute to overweight and obesity.

Integrate multi-omic approaches (metabolomic, proteomic, inflammasome, microbiome analyses) with dietary assessment and clinical data in a nested cohort study. Dietary and/or microbial metabolites may modulate body weight and may influence other comorbidities. A comprehensive analysis of inflammatory and metabolic biomarkers of oxidative stress, nutritional assessment, short chain fatty acids and other microbial metabolites... more »

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14 votes
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(@subara)

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

What are the associations between diet and health outcomes?

Dietary intake is a complex and dynamic exposure known to affect health. To best assess foods, nutrients, dietary supplements and dietary patterns and any latency in their relationship to disease, longitudinal collection every year of both long- and short-term dietary assessment instruments is necessary. To fully adjust for systematic error, replicated recovery and predictive biomarkers should be collected in a 10-20%... more »

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18 votes
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(@ataylor)

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

What midlife lifestyle factors make someone more or less likely to develop dementia with Lewy bodies?

Exercise, socialization, cognitive training, education, dietary habits and environmental exposures interacting with genetic profiles are suggested to raise the risk of Alzheimer’s dementia. Less is known about environmental, genetic and epigenetic contributors to raising the risk of dementia with Lewy bodies. Large scale data sets would allow first-of-its-kind enhanced profiling in multi-path analyses key midlife factors... more »

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8 votes
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(@prattc)

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

Conduct research to improve dietary intake assessment methods

Currently, nutrition assessment focuses on self reports, which has numerous measurement errors, including self-reported bias and recall bias. To accurately associate dietary intakes with nutritional status and chronic disease risk, objective measures of nutrient intakes are needed. Both recovery and predictive biomarkers offer promise as well as emerging technologies. Research that would leverage ALL of Us participants... more »

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15 votes
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(@zenknutrition)

AoU Research Priorities Use Cases

How do local, regional, state, and national retail food environments and policies affect diet and health?

Obesity and poor diet are threats to population health. The food environment and related policies may be major contributors. Longitudinal measures of food purchasing, diet, and health can be linked to environmental/policy data (eg community gardens, changes in convenience store offerings, fast food moratoriums, menu labeling, food taxes/subsidies), and used to identify health effects. Results can help prioritize multilevel... more »

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55 votes
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